This report reviews the national legislation in six Pacific Island countries to identify existing biases or barriers that may inhibit the realization of human rights, including gender issues, for small-scale coastal fishers and fish workers. The analysis covers five main aspects: non-discrimination and gender equality; the right to food and natural resources; the right to a healthy and safe environment; participation and democratic governance; and rights to and at work. It provides country-specific and overall legal advice to facilitate the necessary reforms to national legislation.
The report first outlines the general context and situation of small-scale coastal fishers and fish workers worldwide, including the threats they face, before reviewing the applicable human rights standards and principles in the Pacific Island region. The report then provides country-specific analyses outlining the main legislation and the primary human rights issues. It acknowledges the positive work being done in each country and suggests areas for improvement.