Select Page

The Pacific Attitudes Survey: Vanuatu (PAS: Vanuatu) is the second large-scale popular political attitudes survey conducted in the Pacific region, following the first survey in Samoa conducted in late 2020 and early 2021 (Leach et al. 2022). Comprising 191 questions set out in 21 thematic modules, it covers a broad range of topics including attitudes to democracy, national identity, tradition, leadership, governance, development, climate change and international relations. The survey was nationally representative and conducted between August and October 2023, coinciding with a period of political instability for Vanuatu in which two successful votes of no confidence took place.

The conduct of large-scale, nationally representative popular attitudes surveys is relatively new in the Pacific region. Indeed, the Pacific is the only region not covered by systematic global democracy and values surveys
such as the Global Barometer surveys and World Values Survey. Drawn from a randomised, nationally representative sample of 1330 eligible voters (aged 18 or older) from all six provinces of Vanuatu, the PAS
provides important data on prevalent political, cultural and socio-economic attitudes. As such, the PAS offers fresh insights into Vanuatu’s vibrant and unique democratic culture. Importantly, the PAS has been developed as a distinctly Pacific survey, combining questions from the Global Barometer network with a host of new survey modules of relevance to the region, including climate change and labour mobility.

PAS: Vanuatu findings reflect strong support for both ‘civic’ and ‘ethnic’ markers of national identity. Respondents ranked more traditional markers of national identity very highly, such as ‘to respect kastom’ (95%), ‘to practise kastom’ (94%) and ‘to have been born in Vanuatu’ (94%) as ‘very important’ for being ‘truly ni-Vanuatu’. Yet these indicators were closely matched by strong support for modern ‘civic’ understandings of national identity, such as ‘respect for Vanuatu’s political institutions and law’ (94%), and ‘to have Vanuatu citizenship’ (94%).

Read the FULL report here: Pacific Attitudes Survey – Vanuatu.